Gynaecological Ultrasonography

Posted on December 18, 2011

Although it is most frequently associated with antenatal scans, ultrasound, as a safe, non-invasive and widely available diagnostic tool, also plays an important role in gynaecological examinations outside of pregnancy. Particularly important is its ability to show soft tissue and differentiate between different tissue types. Common gynaecological ailments such as pelvic pain or vaginal bleeding are often investigated using ultrasonography in order to determine their cause, and it is also utilised in diagnosing causes of infertility as well as tracking the progress of infertility treatments. A gynaecologist can use ultrasonography to diagnose a number of conditions, such as ovarian cysts, fibroids and cancers. Continue reading →

Posted in Gynaecology, News

3D and 4D pregnancy ultrasound scanning

Posted on December 17, 2011

3D ultrasound scans are created by a computer which can assemble an image by analysing the results of several ultrasound scans made at various angles. 4D scans are a more sophisticated version whereby a phased array of transducers is able to produce an image that moves in real time, made possible only by increased computing power. They have become popular with parents who wish to view an image of their unborn foetus which is more realistic, accessible and understandable than that created by a more traditional 2D scan, and unsurprisingly find this to be more reassuring as well as comprehensible. Often, parents elect to have a number of scans, in order to observe the growth and development of the foetus. A large business has grown around providing this service, which often includes printouts and DVDs of the scan as keepsakes. Although 3D and 4D scans are not commonly used by obstetric practitioners, there is a large amount of research in the field which has suggested some promising ideas for potential medical applications, such as the prenatal diagnosis of cerebral palsy. There is also interest in the capacity of 4D scans to aid research into embryonic and foetal developmental pathology. Continue reading →

Posted in News, Obstetric

How an ultrasound scan works

Posted on December 16, 2011

Diagnostic ultrasonography is a crucial tool in medical imaging, as it is non-invasive, has no known harmful side effects, and produces real time images which can yield a great deal of information when used by a skilled operator. These properties ensure its prominence in the field of obstetrics, although it does have many more medical applications such as in cardiology and ophthalmology. Ultrasound is defined as sound with a frequency above the upper range of human hearing, typically around 20,000 Hz, but generally ultrasound with a frequency of upwards of 2 MHz is employed for the purpose of medical imaging. Continue reading →

Posted in News, Obstetric

Pregnancy scans between 13 and 20 weeks

Posted on December 15, 2011

As a foetus continues to develop into the second trimester of pregnancy, an obstetrician is able to observe increasing amounts of information week by week than in early pregnancy scans. This is a critical part of the prenatal care process, and provides a great deal of information about the health of the foetus. Continue reading →

Posted in News, Obstetric

Early Pregnancy Scans

Posted on December 14, 2011

An ultrasound scan early in a pregnancy, most likely between six and eight weeks after ovulation, is often considered a standard part of the typical schedule of ultrasound examinations that form a crucial part of prenatal care. A scan at this stage can determine a number of things, despite the foetus still being in a very early stage of development. Continue reading →

Posted in News, Obstetric

Is it a boy or a girl?

Posted on October 31, 2011

One of the first questions that many people are asked when they announce that they are pregnant is if the baby is going to be a boy or a girl. The sex of your baby affects many aspects of bringing your child up and how you see your baby. Most soon to be parents are very eager and excited to learn the sex of their unborn baby but others are not as keen and prefer to wait until the actual event of the birth to discover whether they have a son or a daughter. Continue reading →

Posted in News, Obstetric

Ultrasound Scans

Posted on October 30, 2011

Ultrasound scans play an important part in most pregnancies and are useful in showing the development of the foetus and baby and for detecting any problems which may occur during that time. There are a range of different scans which can be carried out and these are usually undertaken at different points during the pregnancy. These scans range from foetal sexing scans to nuchal translucency scans and they all have different aims and functions. Continue reading →

Posted in News, Obstetric

Scans Throughout The Pregnancy Cycle

Posted on October 29, 2011

Throughout the standard 40 week pregnancy cycle, a mother-to-be may find herself invited to attend various ultrasound scans. There are ultrasound scans to test for a variety of things at every stage of the pregnancy and it can be overwhelming for a first time mother to understand what each scan is for and what it shows, especially as she will be concerned about the baby’s health and development. Fortunately, development can be tested at every stage of the cycle right up until the final week. Continue reading →

Posted in News, Obstetric

Anatomical Survey Scans

Posted on October 28, 2011

The anatomical survey scan, known to most people as the detailed anatomy scan, is one of the most well known and well used types of pregnancy scan. This anatomy scan is used to not only confirm the foetus is alive but to also check that it is healthy. Many health defects can be identified using the anatomical survey scan which allows for both doctors and parents to be to prepare for the birth of the child. Continue reading →

Posted in News, Obstetric


Posted on October 27, 2011

Going to visit a gynaecologist for the first time is a daunting experience for every woman. Some women may not have to see a gynaecologist until it is time for their first smear test but many women may have issues with their reproductive organs at an earlier age and may find themselves referred to a gynaecologist sooner than they would have liked. Many women prefer to visit a female gynaecologist as this makes them feel more comfortable. No matter how scary a thought it can be, every woman must visit a gynaecologist at some point in her life. Continue reading →

Posted in Gynaecology, News

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I recently had a hysterectomy, Mr Farrell was available to provide me with advice by telephone, even when I went home. Yvonne (Sheffield)